Cherry varieties are winter-hardy, productive and disease-resistant


But which varieties should be preferred if the common cherry alone has more than 130 varieties, and there are also such types of cherries as felt, steppe and sandy cherries.

Important criteria for choosing a cherry variety

By choosing the right cherry varieties for your garden, you can harvest good yields of delicious fruits from mid to late summer, pampering your body with natural vitamins and nutrients, which are abundant in cherry fruits.

And this is not counting the ornamental varieties that are grown exclusively for the sake of beautiful flowering: variegated cherry with spotted leaves of yellow-white color, weeping cherry with drooping branches and picturesque Japanese cherry, better known to everyone as sakura (abroad it is called simply "wild cherry").

How beautiful cherry blossoms can be, the pictures cannot fully convey, however, most gardeners still try to grow on their plots those types of crops that bear edible fruits. The common cherry is especially common, the varieties of which we will consider below.

Video about cherry varieties

Whether you will be able to grow abundantly fruiting cherries with juicy tasty fruits in your garden, or all efforts will be in vain, depends largely on which varieties you choose. When buying seedlings, pay attention to these varietal characteristics cherries like:

  • drought resistance,
  • need for light,
  • disease resistance,
  • winter hardiness,
  • yield,
  • self-fertility,
  • regularity of fruiting,
  • early maturity,
  • the timing of cherry blossoms and fruit ripening.

In the conditions of the Russian climate, it is recommended to grow cherry varieties with high winter hardiness and preferably self-fertile

In the conditions of the Russian climate, it is recommended to grow cherry varieties with high winter hardiness and preferably self-fertile, so that even in unfavorable weather, when the bees do not fly, pollination of the flowers is guaranteed. If the varieties are initially highly resistant to common diseases, this will greatly facilitate your cherry care and protect against crop loss. As for the yield, one adult cherry should bear at least 7 kg of fruit per season.

The varieties most popular with Russian gardeners

Among the cherry varieties that, due to their high winter hardiness, are best suited for cultivation in central Russia, the following can be noted: Cherry Chernokorka, Schedraya, Molodezhnaya, Bolotovskaya, Bagryanaya, Lyubskaya, Shubinka, Pamyat Yenikeeva, Volochaevka, Malinovka, Polevka, Griot Moskovsky.

Self-fertile varieties include: Generous, Molodezhnaya, Bolotovskaya, Brunetka, Lyubskaya, Pamyat Yenikeeva, Volochaevka, Rusinka, Oblachinskaya, Rastorguevskaya, Plamennaya, Shokoladnitsa, Dessertnaya Volzhskaya. For fruiting, these varieties do not need pollinating varieties, however, if there are several varieties of cherries in the garden, their yield will increase.

It is equally important to choose varieties that are resistant to the dangerous fungal disease - coccomycosis. The varieties are not afraid of this disease: Generous, Turgenevka, Shokoladnitsa, Volochaevka, Assol, Silva, Oblachinskaya, Studencheskaya, Rastorguevskaya, Antratsitova, Silva.

It is equally important to choose varieties that are resistant to the dangerous fungal disease - coccomycosis.

We recommend that you pay special attention to the following varieties, which are most often found in Russian gardens and are most popular with gardeners for their characteristics.

Turgenevka

The tree grows up to three meters, begins to bear fruit from the fourth to fifth year. Flowering occurs in mid-May, and the fruits reach ripeness by early July. Turgenevka - cherry is quite fruitful, it bears large heart-shaped fruits of a dark burgundy color. The cherries taste sweet and sour, very juicy, the flesh is dark red, the stone is easily separated. Most often, Turgenevskaya cherries are used for making jams, juices, compotes, but they are no less good when fresh.

The winter hardiness of the tree itself is quite high, however, flower buds are able to safely endure frosts down to -35 degrees in winter only in the absence of sudden temperature changes. The self-fertility of the variety is average, for a good harvest it is better to grow pollinator varieties next to it.

Cherry varieties "Turgenevka"

Generous

The name of the variety speaks for itself - the generous cherry is valued for the fact that it annually yields an average of 8 kg of fruit per bush. Rounded fruits of dark color have a pleasant sour-sweet taste, do not crack. The pulp is juicy with an easily detachable bone. Fruits ripen by mid-August, but ripening is not simultaneous.

In this variety, not only wood and buds differ in winter hardiness, flowers are also able to withstand spring frosts. In addition, the Generous cherry is drought and pest resistant. Moniliosis and coccomycosis are moderately affected. The variety, although it belongs to self-fertile, surrounded by varieties such as Mayak and Vole, brings a richer harvest.

Cherry variety "Generous"

Baby

With an average height, the Malyshka cherry is capable of bringing 15 kg from one tree. Red rather large fruits are distinguished by excellent taste and good transportability. The tree is self-fertile. Fruiting of the variety begins from the third year, you can collect juicy fruits from mid-July. Due to its high winter hardiness, the tree tolerates winter well. The cultivar has a weak susceptibility to coccomycosis.

Morozovka

The advantages of the variety include increased winter hardiness, early entry into fruiting, immunity to coccomycosis, average tree height and excellent taste of dark red fruits. To taste, Morozovka cherry is sweet with a barely noticeable sourness, due to which the variety is considered a dessert variety of universal use. The pulp is firm, very juicy, intense dark red color, like the juice obtained from cherries of this variety. The fruits ripen from the second decade of July, they tolerate transportation well. Of the minuses - only the low winter hardiness of flower buds.

Apukhtinskaya

Late ripening variety, more suitable for growing in warm regions. Cherry Apukhtinskaya is known among gardeners under a different name - Lyubskaya. Cherry is prized (you can see the photo in the tab) for its high self-fertility, abundant regular yield even in the absence of pollinators and early fruiting, starting from the second year.

Video about promising cherry varieties

Bright red large fruits ripen by the end of July. Up to 10 kg of fruit can be obtained from one tree. Because of their rich acidity, cherries are more often used for processing. The advantages include the fact that the fruits do not fall off the tree for a long time. And of the minuses, it is worth noting the average winter hardiness and weak susceptibility to coccomycosis.

The listed varieties are well suited for growing in Russia, but Shpanka is a cherry, zoned for Ukraine. Ukrainian gardeners highly value this variety for its unpretentiousness, undemanding soil conditions, high regular yield and good winter hardiness. It is noteworthy that the juice of the Shpank cherry is weakly colored, transparent, in contrast to other varieties of cherries.


Early cherry varieties ripen in early July. Early cherries differ from each other in taste, juiciness, appearance of the tree and fruit, and other characteristics.

Revival

The variety is distinguished by high immunity - this cherry almost never gets sick. Produces abundantly and consistently. It grows on any soil. The first fruits are in the 4th year of disembarkation. The variety, due to its high immunity, is popular in many regions of Russia. Recommended pollinators - Coral, Lyubskaya, Kristall. The yield is high - up to 25 kg per tree.

Cherries are dark-burgundy with small, well-separated seeds, and excellent taste - the fruits are given 4.5 points out of 5. The berries are large, sweetish, juicy. Weight - from 2.5 to 3.5 g. Well transported - even when fully ripe. The commercial qualities are excellent. Undemanding to care - the tree is watered only at the beginning of June and in drought.

Toy

This hybrid with large fruits was created on the basis of the Lyubitelskaya cherry and the Solnechny ball cherry variety. Recommended pollinators - cherry Samsonovka or Minx, cherry - Large-fruited, Valery Chkalov. The height of the hybrid is up to 7 m. The first fruits - in the 3rd year after disembarkation. Harvest from a tree - up to 45 kg, maximum - 72 kg. Fruiting up to 25 years.

The fruits are dark red, very large, weighing 7-9 g. They have a red tender pulp, taste - sweet and sour. Evaluation point - 4.5 out of 5. Fruits are eaten fresh, juices and wines are prepared. The bone is easily separated from the pulp. It tolerates frosts up to 25 ° С. In the conditions of the Moscow region, it requires insulation.

Memory of Yenikeev

This self-fertile variety is considered to be medium early. The tree reaches 3 m. 9-10 kg of berries are harvested from the tree, maximum - 15 kg. Fruiting in 3-4 years. The fruits ripen together.

Fruits of medium size, weight - 5 g. Berries are oval dark red. Dessert taste, sweet and sour. Winter tolerates satisfactory, drought resistance is average. The bones are large, oval in shape. Coccomycosis resistance is average.

Rastorguevskaya

Early-medium ripening variety. 8-10 kg of cherries are harvested on one tree. The first fruits appear in the 3rd year. The variety is self-fertile. Harvests are amicable, abundant, stable.

Cherries are roundish, dark red, weighing 4 g. Sweet and sour taste, score - 4.4 points. The seeds are large, well behind the pulp. Relative resistance to coccomycosis. It recovers well after freezing.

Silvia

A productive variety with an early middle ripening period. From 1 hectare - 460-660 c. From 1 tree - 12 kg. The plant is medium-sized, up to 3 m, the crown is spreading, rounded. Self-fertility is high.

High resistance to coccomycosis. The berries are round-oval, dark red, almost black. The berries are small. Weight - 2 g. It tastes sweet and sour, the purpose is universal. Winter hardiness is high. Poorly resistant to disease.

Crystal

Compactness is the main feature of this variety. It is also appreciated for its hardiness and high resistance to coccomycosis. The height of the tree is about 3 m. It is recommended to plant varieties of Lyubskaya or Coral nearby. Fruiting - in the 4th year of planting.

The berries weigh 5-6 g. Ripening - early or mid-July, depending on the weather. Minus - low immunity to moniliosis.


Cherry varieties for planting in the Moscow region

Cherry trees intended for planting and cultivation in the Moscow region must have the appropriate characteristics:

  • early onset of fruiting and its stability
  • good yield
  • high palatability of fruits
  • drought tolerance
  • winter hardiness
  • frost resistance (up to -35 º С)
  • self-fertility
  • increased resistance to fungal diseases, especially to moniliosis and coccomycosis.

Given the unstable winters of the Central region with possible sharp fluctuations in air temperature (winter thaws and sudden late spring frosts), early and mid-season cherry varieties with good resistance to adverse weather conditions are most suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region. The varieties Vladimirskaya, Molodezhnaya, Lyubskaya, Turgenevka, Shokoladnitsa, Griot Moskovskiy, Apukhtinskaya and a number of others possess these qualities to the greatest extent.

Table: the best varieties of cherries for the Moscow region

Name
cherry varieties
Tree shape,
his height
Fruit taste The main way
consumption
Main advantages
varieties
Main disadvantages
varieties
Lyubskaya Tree and
bushy
2.5 m
Sweet and sour
closer to sour
In a recycled
the form
High yield self-fertility
early maturity
(fruiting for 2-3 years)
good frost resistance of the kidneys
Average frost and winter hardiness of the trunk
susceptibility to moniliosis
and coccomycosis
short productive period (15 years)
Vladimirskaya Arboreal and bushy
2.5-5 m
Sweet and sour, harmonious Fresh and processed
the form
High yield
early maturity
(fruiting for 2-3 years)
good winter hardiness
Self-infertile
medium frost resistance
kidney
susceptibility
to moniliosis
and coccomycosis
Youth Arboreal and bushy
2-2.5 m
Sweet and sour, dessert Fresh and processed
the form
High yield
self-fertility
early maturity
(fruiting for 3 years)
good frost resistance
Average winter hardiness of the kidneys
average resistance to
moniliosis and coccomycosis
Turgenevka Tree-like
3m
Sweet and sour, pleasant Fresh and processed
the form
High yield
large-fruited
good frost resistance
resistance to
fungal diseases
Partial self-fertility
average winter hardiness of the kidneys
average resistance to
moniliosis and coccomycosis
Moscow griot Tree-like
2.5 m
Sweet and sour, dessert Fresh and processed
the form
High yield
good
frost resistance
Self-infertile
average winter hardiness
susceptibility
to moniliosis
and coccomycosis
Apukhtinskaya Bushy
2.5-3 m
Sweet and sour, tart Redesigned High yield
self-fertility
unpretentious care
average winter hardiness
high stability
to disease
Late flowering and fruit ripening
susceptibility to coccomycosis
Chocolate girl Tree-like
2-2.5 m
Sweet and sour, dessert Fresh and processed
the form
High yield large-fruited
good winter
and frost resistance
Susceptibility to coccomycosis and moniliosis

For the Central region (Moscow, Vladimir, Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Bryansk regions, etc.) there is a fairly large group of varieties with increased winter hardiness, productivity, self-fertility and other characteristics, but, unfortunately, there are no ones among them that are resistant to coccomycosis and moniliosis.

A.M. Mikheev, candidate of agricultural sciences. Sciences, Moscow

Magazine "Gardens of Russia", No. 3, March 2011

Photo gallery: cherry varieties and their main qualities

Cherry Lyubskaya yields a harvest already in the second year after planting The variety has a high yield - up to 12 kg of fruits from one tree Vladimirskaya is one of the favorite classic varieties of cherries, very tasty and fast-growing The main features of Turgenevka are large-fruited and resistance to fungal diseases. Advantages of the Apukhtinskaya variety: unpretentious care combined with good yield High yield and excellent taste of the fruit make this variety very popular. The chocolate girl is called the queen of cherries for the unique taste of aromatic fruits and attractive appearance.

Video: an overview of the best cherry varieties for the Moscow region and central Russia


Cherry variety Lyubskaya

One of the advantages of this variety is its low height upon reaching adulthood - cherries grow no more than 3 meters, which greatly facilitates harvesting.

It is also important that the Lyubskaya cherry forms a crown of moderate density, albeit a spreading one. This makes it easier to follow it while trimming. The side branches are arc-shaped and are located at an acute angle to the main trunk. Cherry bark color is brown with a gray tint, the surface of the bark itself is covered with cracks.

The berries are of a beautiful deep red color; sourness prevails in the taste. For this reason, cherries of this variety are most often used when rolling compote or jam, where the acidic note can be smoothed out by adding sugar.

The Lyubsky variety belongs to self-fertile cherry varieties for the Moscow region, and bears fruit even alone.It is possible to harvest from the second year of the tree's life, upon reaching the age of 9, the cherry comes into full force and bears fruit abundantly, while the fruits are resistant to transportation. However, after 20 years, its life cycle comes to an end and the tree is depleted.

The disadvantages of the Lyubskaya cherry variety include the peculiarities of the bark. Through the cracks in it, during severe frosts, the cherry can get burned, so the trunk, as well as the roots, need additional shelter.

When growing Lyubskoy cherry on acidic soils, before planting a seedling, it is necessary to lime the ground, since this variety grows poorly with high acidity.

Also, cherries of the Lyubskaya variety do not react well to frequent chemical dressings, but they will accept organic matter with gratitude. The variety is unpretentious in care, does not need pruning (except for the removal of dry shoots) and abundant watering (watering should be done sparingly, so that there is no stagnation of water near the root system).


Bulatnikovskaya

Cherry Bulatnikovskaya is distinguished by its high resistance to coccomycosis and low temperatures; it can be safely chosen for planting in dachas and plots near Moscow.

This is a small tree that does not take up much space and does not create a large shadow, its height is only 2.5-3 meters, and the crown is not too thick. Flowers are collected in inflorescences, and fruits grow in the same way. They are small - 3-3.5 grams, slightly flattened, dark red in color, the flesh is lighter, of medium density. The taste is sweet and sour, tasters give the grade a 3.9 point mark. Berries are considered universal, but rather suitable for processing and preservation than for fresh consumption, but it depends on whose taste.

Bulatnikovskaya cherry blossoms in May, the fruits ripen from mid-July, not at the same time, which is why the harvest is stretched for 2-3 weeks.

The variety is self-fertile, it does not need pollinators. Fruiting begins 3-4 years after planting. At first, the tree gives small portions of berries, gradually the yield increases and reaches 10-12 kg.


Reviews about cherry Morozovka

I like the taste of Kharitonovskaya and Morozovka, the berries are larger than the old varieties. On old cherries last year there was cherry moniliosis, I had to cut out a lot of branches. Kharitonovskaya and Morozovka stood clean, without defeat.

Ludmila62

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/46170/page-125

From the varieties growing in my garden, with dry separation of fruits, with high taste qualities such as Morozovka, Zhukovskaya, Oktava, Assol. All varieties grow as separate trees for many years. The trees of Zhukovskaya and Octave are 25 years old, Morozovka is 20 years old.

Victor Bratkin

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?f=37&t=1148&p=577683&hilit=freezing#p577683

Growing a crop with your own hands is a special pleasure. Cherry care has its own subtleties, but it is one of the not too whimsical cultures. And the Morozovka variety will be an excellent choice for both an experienced and a novice gardener.



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