Growing sea buckthorn in the Northwest region

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Bunches of Amber Vitamin

Sea buckthorn - the plant is dioecious: there are male specimens, which, of course, do not produce berries, and there are female specimens, from which we harvest. This happens at the end of the summer.

Vegetative buds (those from which leaves are formed) are small, covered with two scales, tightly pressed against the branches. The flower buds of female specimens look exactly the same, and it is difficult to distinguish them from each other. But male flower buds differ sharply from vegetative buds. They are much larger, protrude from the branches and are very similar to small pine cones, because they are covered with 7-8 scales.

Sometimes unscrupulous sellers deceive inexperienced gardeners, assuring them that they are selling a new hybrid of monoecious sea buckthorn, pointing to the supposedly flower buds of two species on the same branch. Usually it turns out that this is just a male specimen with flower and vegetative buds. There is no monoecious sea buckthorn.

Usually nobody sees the flowering of this plant. First, she has no flowers in the usual sense. In male specimens, a bunch of stamens sticks out, which "dust" in a radius of up to 50 m! If you shake this plant at the time of flowering, then it will literally be enveloped in a cloud of golden pollen. There is a lot of it and it is small, so it easily flies over a long distance. If you do not have a male specimen, but your neighbors do, then it quite successfully pollinates your sea buckthorn.

One male specimen is enough to pollinate 5-6 females. You can simply cut one small twig from the male specimen and place it in a jar of water in the crown of the female plant. It is not difficult to graft a stalk from a male specimen into the crown of a female, and pollination is ensured for several years.

Unfortunately, male plants are more likely to die than more resistant female plants. Female plants from the axils of each leaf release only a small black inconspicuous pistil (it grows up to 1 cm long in a week). All flowering lasts about 10 days, so it is important that male and female plants are of the same variety or the same ripening period, otherwise they may bloom at different times and fertilization will not occur.

Budding (beginning of the growing season) begins at a temperature of +5 degrees and lasts about five days (in the North-West from May 1 to May 5). Flowering occurs at a temperature of 10-15 degrees Celsius and lasts about 10 days (in the Northwest from May 15 to 25).

Ripening of berries mainly takes place in August. In warm weather, an increased amount of sugar and oil accumulates at this time. During cool weather, the accumulation of vitamin C takes place. The berries become ready for consumption 7-10 days after the start of their coloring, from about August 15 to September 15. You should not be late in harvesting berries, because in an overripe state they have a wet separation.

The sea buckthorn vegetation ends early, from 10 to 15 October, and often the leaves fall green. Shoots grow from early May to late July. The dormant period for this culture is very short; already at the end of November it can wake up during a thaw. Therefore, the climate of the North-West is not suitable for her, and the life span of sea buckthorn is short. Plants older than 10-15 years old do not make any sense to keep on the site. Therefore, you should prepare a replacement for an aging tree in a timely manner, the easiest way is to use root shoots for this.

Sea buckthorn bears fruit so abundantly that all branches are literally covered with berries. The very name of the plant speaks about this. Berries on short stalks sit tightly on the branches, like corn on the cob. Sea buckthorn roots can spread 8-12 meters in all directions in search of better living conditions. This should not be allowed. Therefore, the place reserved for sea buckthorn is either fenced off with slate dug into the soil to a depth of 20-25 cm, or simply every year in the fall the plant is dug in, chopping off the roots that go beyond the space allotted to it. Then they should be pulled out and removed.

Sea buckthorn roots are located in the surface layer of the soil, at a depth of only 12-15 cm, therefore, no digging or loosening under the sea buckthorn plantings is carried out. Weeds growing under the plants should not be weeded, but only mowed.

The soil under the sea buckthorn needs to be mulched, or even better - to cover it. For this, the bent bent and Potentilla goose are suitable, in which the root system is located at a depth of only 2 cm and does not compete with the sea buckthorn roots. The root shoots of plants should not be dug out, but must also be mowed. In general, as few wounds as possible should be inflicted not only on the roots, but also on the trunks. You can only remove drying branches, especially the lower ones, by cutting them into a ring.

All pruning is done before the beginning of the growing season (before the start of sap flow). This plant is winter-hardy, tolerates frosts up to 40 degrees, but in male plants pollen can die already at -35 ° C. Sea buckthorn loves light sandy and sandy loam, moisture and air permeable soils with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction (pH 5-6).

This is one of the most demanding horticultural crops in terms of illumination. With insufficient lighting, the sea buckthorn weakens, the yield falls. The plant gradually dies.

Sea buckthorn does not tolerate drought well in June-July and may even shed its leaves, therefore, in dry weather, it requires abundant watering. Sea buckthorn does not like dense soils, especially clay soils. It does not grow on peat bogs, as it does not tolerate the close standing of groundwater. It dies quickly on acidic soils.

Does not like sea buckthorn and winter thaws, because it easily wakes up when the temperature rises. And absolutely cannot stand the shadow. To soil fertility, as mentioned above, it is not demanding, since nodule bacteria live on its roots, like in legumes. They saturate the soil with nitrogen from the air, so sea buckthorn does not need nitrogen fertilization. She needs little potassium, but she has a great need for phosphorus, since it is necessary not only for the sea buckthorn itself, but also for nodule bacteria.

Read the second part of the article: Planting and reproduction of sea buckthorn. Sea buckthorn varieties and its beneficial properties

G. Kizima, gardener

Additional information

What is the use

All the power of natural cedar nut oil + vitaminizing energy of sea buckthorn extract. Contains a complex of valuable vitamins and minerals. The multivitamin extract of sea buckthorn significantly enhances the healing effect of natural cedar nut oil.

How does it work

  • Promotes the treatment of vitamin deficiency.
  • Possesses pronounced antioxidant and bactericidal properties.
  • It helps to reduce the healing time of tissues in case of damage to the skin and mucous membranes (including liver cells).
  • It has an anti-sclerotic effect.

How is it made

Only manual labor! Carefully collected and sorted pine nuts are pressed on wooden presses, and natural sea buckthorn extract is added to the resulting oil. The whole process is carried out in a real Cedar House in the Siberian taiga.

How to apply

Method 1. Take 1-2 teaspoons orally (dissolving) 2-3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. Shake well before use (oil contains natural sediment). Duration of admission is 30 days. For greater efficiency, you need to go through 2-3 courses.

Method 2 (for the purpose of tissue regeneration). Moisten a cotton swab with oil, treat the previously cleaned area around the wound.

There are good reviews from our customers when using sea buckthorn oil in the treatment of the stomach and duodenum with erosion and pre-ulcer condition, as well as burns of the esophagus. In these cases, the oil is SWALLOWED 2-3 teaspoons 2-3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

Growing sea buckthorn in the North-West region - garden and vegetable garden

19.08.2014 22:31
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Once again about the fruit and berry garden, but in more detail, for the North-West region of the Non-Black Earth Zone of Russia

Site creation date: 16/11/2012
Date this page was updated: 19.08.2014 22:31

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4. Wild-growing fruit and berry plants and their use in culture

A perennial shrub or tree 3-4 m high with a trunk up to 30 cm thick. Belongs to the Loch family. The plant got its name from the peculiar arrangement of the fruits, as if clinging to its branches. Sea buckthorn fruits have very short stalks, densely sitting on the branches on all sides.

Sea buckthorn is widespread (from Siberia to Transcaucasia). It grows relatively slowly. It is undemanding to soils, but grows better on loose, well-permeable, slightly acidic sandy loam and loamy soils. It is a completely frost-resistant plant and can be successfully cultivated in the North-West zone. Sea buckthorn is a dioecious plant, flowers are unisexual (male flowers are on some bushes, female flowers on others.
Only female specimens of plants yield fruit. The root system is highly developed. The roots are branched, long, widely distributed in the upper layers of the soil and penetrate to a considerable depth (120-140 cm).
It blooms in early spring at the same time as or before the opening of the leaves. Fruiting from 4-5 years old annually and abundantly (up to 12 kg of fruit per bush). The fruits are edible, with a watery pulp, after frost, sour-sweet, pleasant pineapple taste and aroma, round or egg-shaped, yellow-orange, ripen in September - October, and you can immediately start picking them. On the bushes, the fruits can stay until March next year, they are not pecked by birds. After frost, the taste of sea buckthorn fruits improves. This must be borne in mind when preparing them. The harvested frozen fruits, when stored in a cold room, do not deteriorate for several months.
Sea buckthorn is a very valuable plant for culture. Its fruits contain from 2.24 to 12.64% sugars (glucose and fructose), organic acids (malic and tartaric), tannins, carotene (provitamin A), vitamins C, B6, B12 and E, up to 8.8% oil, which contains up to 200 mg% carotene. Sea buckthorn oil is fragrant and healing. It is used in medicine.
Sea buckthorn fruits are widely used for making jam, jam, jelly, juice, wine, liqueur, tincture, vitamin medicines. In folk medicine, sea buckthorn is used against dysentery, for the treatment of rheumatism and skin diseases. Sea buckthorn flowers are a good honey plant.
Sea buckthorn propagates by seeds, layering, grafting, root suckers, cuttings. Seeds are sown in autumn, they are sealed shallowly. When sowing in spring, the seeds may not be stratified, but to obtain friendly shoots and increase germination, they should be stratified at temperatures close to zero, or under snow.
When sown in spring, seedlings appear in 20-30 days. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place at the age of 2-3 years with a distance between rows of 4 m and in rows between plants - 2-3 m. It is better to do this in early autumn. In the first years, sea buckthorn grows slowly - in 3-4 years the plants reach only 0.5 m in height.
It should not be forgotten that sea buckthorn is a dioecious plant, so one male plant should be planted for 8-10 female ones. However, it is difficult to distinguish between female and male plants in seedlings before fruiting.
Seed-propagated sea buckthorn varies greatly in its properties. Currently, high-yielding varieties with large fruits and long stalks have been created. it Altai news, Dar Katun, Golden ear, Vitamin, Oilseed (Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia named after M.A.Lisavenko), Shcherbinka I (Gorky Agricultural Institute). According to the data of the Pavlovsk experimental station of VIR, in the conditions of the Leningrad region, the Dar Katuni and Novost Altai varieties are the most productive. Varieties of Olive, Vitamin and Novosti Altai give a stable annual harvest, other varieties are prone to periodic fruiting.
The varieties are propagated by green and woody cuttings, grafting. When breeding sea buckthorn in northern regions, it is necessary to use seeds obtained from more northern regions.
Sea buckthorn is a light-loving plant, so the best places for planting it are open areas, protected from cold northerly and northeasterly winds.
Sea buckthorn is also used for landscaping and creating protective edges. Due to the highly branched and deeply penetrating root system, it is used to strengthen the slopes of ravines and casing the banks of rivers and lakes. Strong branching and the presence of large thorns make it possible to create dense hedges from sea buckthorn.

1. Fruit garden

2. Berry garden

3. Selection of breeds and varieties of fruit and berry crops

5. Protection of fruit and berry crops from pests and diseases

6. Fertilizers for fruit and berry crops

7. Processing fruits and berries at home

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Of course, every person, when planting any plant, counts on a rich harvest. In order to get a lot of cucumbers, you need to remember a few rules and recommendations. According to reviews, it is not necessary to follow all these recommendations, you can choose only those that seem to be the most effective and time-tested.

So, it is worth adhering to the following tips:

  • calibration is sifting out weaker seeds, it can be done manually, as well as using a solution of sodium chloride
  • disinfection - you need to rinse the seeds for 15-20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse well with clean water
  • use growth stimulants - you need to soak the seeds in aloe juice diluted with water 5 times this method is considered the most harmless type of growth stimulant
  • hardening - if the seeds are planted in open ground, then this procedure is very useful, the seeds are placed in a wet cloth and stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours
  • germination - do not overdo it, so as not to germinate the seeds too much, otherwise it will be very difficult to plant them in the ground.

For information on how to grow cucumbers with a herringbone, see the next video.

The largest varieties of sea buckthorn, description

Sea buckthorn, growing in the wild, bears fruit weighing 0.2-0.3 grams, the weight of berries of cultivated plants is 0.5 grams. But there are varieties that are capable of producing fruits, the mass of which reaches 1.5 grams.

This tree has a beautiful, spreading crown, there are no thorns on the branches. The fruits are bright orange in color, resembling a cylinder in their shape. The weight of one berry reaches 1 gram. Sea buckthorn of this variety ripens early and gives a bountiful harvest.... It is resistant to frost, drought and many fungal diseases.

Fruits of this variety weigh about 1.1 grams, are orange in color and ovoid in shape. The fruits are collected in loose clusters, which greatly simplifies the process of their collection.... A small number of thorns are present on the shoots. Sea buckthorn ripens early, 16-18 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one adult tree.

A shrub with a neat, compact crown that does not require lengthy pruning. On average, the berries weigh 0.9 grams, have a sweet and sour taste with light hints of pineapple. Fruits grow on long stalks, easily detachable from the brush, ripen at a later date... Among other things, the variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and resistance to pest attacks.

The variety is a novelty of Siberian breeding. Berries have excellent characteristics, their weight reaches 1.2 grams, oval shape, sweet taste, dessert. Fruits ripen in August, are characterized by weak attachment to the brush.

Table: Recommended varieties for growing in different regions

Region Early varieties Varieties of the latest selection Late varieties Sweet varieties
Early sweet Generous Ural fires Jonker van Tets Ilyinka Marmalade Asya Dutch red Rosita Tatyana Ural beauty Darling Red Cross Svetlana
Northern + + +
Northwestern + + +
Central + + + + +
Volgo-Vyatsky + + + + + +
Central Black Earth + + + +
North Caucasian
Srednevolzhsky + + +
Nizhnevolzhsky + +
Ural + + + +
West Siberian + + + + + + +
East Siberian + + +
Far Eastern +
Ukraine + + + + + + +
Belarus + + + + + + +

Sea buckthorn

The sea buckthorn plant (Hippophae) is a member of the loch family. It prefers to grow on river and lake shores on pebbles or sand. This plant can be found in the mountains at an altitude of 2100 m above sea level. Sea buckthorn was used in alternative medicine in ancient Greece, it was treated with horses, as well as people. Gradually, they began to forget about its beneficial properties, but recently this plant has again become quite popular. The scientific name of this plant, translated from Greek, means “shine for horses”, because those animals that ate the foliage of the sea buckthorn had a satin tint on their skins. On the territory of Russia, such a culture began to be grown in the 19th century, but the appearance of the first varietal plants occurred only in the thirties of the 20th century.

Watch the video: Seaberry Plants Sea Buckthorn plants My thoughts

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