Mallows: planting and care in the open field, properties


Garden plants

Drizzle endlessly.
Only the mallow shines, as if
Above them a cloudless day.
Basho

Mallow is a beauty that cannot be hidden behind a fence! And why? After all, it is definitely not for this that the breeders worked so much on the flowers of jewelry beauty of all possible shades: from virgin white to bluish black!
Did you know that the closest relatives of mallow are kalachiki and marshmallow?
From the first stock-rose inherited unpretentiousness and pretty rounded leaves, and from the second - many medicinal and even magical properties!
It is believed that the mallow planted along the fence protects the house and all its inhabitants from the evil eye and evil. But it turns out that mallow will not be good near any fence ...
How to please a stock rose so that it blooms for 4 months in a row, read on.

Planting and caring for mallow

  • Landing: sowing seeds in May-June in open ground or in January-February for seedlings (planting seedlings in the ground - in mid-May).
  • Bloom: mid summer.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight, light partial shade.
  • The soil: humus-rich, well-drained, medium moisture, neutral.
  • Watering: moderate to heavy, regular.
  • Garter: recommended, especially for tall varieties.
  • Top dressing: before budding with a complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: slugs.
  • Diseases: rust, powdery mildew.

Read more about growing mallow below.

Malva (lat.Malva), or mallow, or kalachik, or stock-rose - type genus of the Malvovye family - herbaceous plant, usually annual, sometimes biennial and perennial Today, about 30 species of mallow grow naturally in the temperate climates of North Africa, North America, Asia and Europe. Mallow was cultivated in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece: a description of the healing properties of the plant was found in the works of Hippocrates and Pliny the Elder. In the twenties of the last century, scientists discovered ecological plasticity and high forage qualities in mallow. And large bright pink flowers have always aroused the admiration of the artists who depicted them in paintings, and the poets who glorified them in poetry. And how to imagine a Ukrainian hut without mallow growing in the front garden near it? Or a Ukrainian towel without its bright pink flowers ...

Botanical description

The most famous and ancient representative of the genus mallow is a plant with a straight, lying or ascending stem 30-120 cm high, at first fluffy and hairy, and then naked. Mallow leaves are cordate, rounded, incised or five to seven lobed, pubescent, petiolate. Large, up to 12 cm in diameter, flowers in the form of a wide bell with characteristic purple stripes of 1-5 pieces are hidden in the leaf axils. In some species, the inflorescences form brushes.

Mallow blooms from June to August, it is frost-hardy, drought-resistant and unassuming to care for.

Simple or double flowers range in color from nearly black to white, depending on the variety. Petals are oblong, obovate, deeply indentable. Mallow root fusiform, branched, long. The fruit is a polyspermous plant, the seeds retain their germination capacity for 2-3 years.

Growing mallow from seeds

Growing conditions

If you don't want to make extra efforts and are in no hurry to see the mallow bloom this year, you can sow seeds directly into the ground in May or June. But then your mallow before winter will only have time to form a rosette of leaves, and will bloom only next year. If you want mallow to bloom this summer, you should sow seeds for seedlings in January-February.

But even if you are ready to grow mallow as a biennial or perennial plant, the seedling method is still more reliable than the seed method.

For both annual and perennial mallow, this process is the same, the only difference is when to sow. Annual mallow sown in the middle of winter, planted in the ground in May, and bloom in mid-summer. Biennial and perennial mallow sown in May, it is planted in the ground in August or September.

Growing seedlings

Mallow seeds that have been stored for a year or two or bought from a flower shop should be soaked for 12 hours in warm (45 ºC) water before planting to soften the hard shell of the seeds and facilitate the germination process.

It must be said that mallow seeds, which remain viable for up to three years, germinate much better in the third year of their storage than in the first two years.

For sowing mallow for seedlings, it is better to use peat pots, since the roots of mallow do not tolerate transplanting well and often do not take root in a new place. The temperature for germinating seeds should be 18-22 ºC, then the seedlings will appear in two weeks. If you sowed mallow in a container, then after the appearance of three leaves in the seedlings you will have to thin out them in such a way that there is a distance of 2-3 cm between shoots. Removed sprouts can be saved by carefully diving them into peat pots. When the seedlings grow up and get stronger, they need to be hardened by taking them out for several hours in fresh, cool air. In May-June, seedlings can be planted in the ground directly in pots.

In the photo: Growing mallow seedlings from seeds

Planting mallow

Soil preparation

Choose a sunny area in the garden (in partial shade, the mallow grows, but loses its color brightness and stem height) with good drainage and loose loamy, humus-rich soil. The sowing site should be high so that the roots do not rot from the standing melt water. It would be nice if the site was protected from winds and drafts. It is best to plant mallow along the fence: there will be a support next to which you can tie the stems. If your soil is poor, you will have to fertilize it by mulching the area with humus. But more on that later.

How to plant in the garden

Seedlings of annual mallow are planted in open ground in mid-May. Planting seedlings of two-year or perennial mallow in the ground is carried out in August-September. Seeds of biennial and perennial mallow can be sown directly into the ground. This is done in the spring, in April-May, after late frosts. Small pits are made in the soil up to 3 cm deep and 2-3 seeds are placed in each.

Depending on the type of mallow you are planting, the distance between the seedlings should be between 25 cm and 50 cm.

The hole is covered, the earth is crushed and moistened. If you are not sure that summer has come completely, put covering material on your garden so that the sprouts do not suffer from possible frost. Under favorable weather conditions, seedlings will hatch in two weeks. When the seedlings have 3-4 leaves, they need to be thinned out, leaving one tall seedling in the hole.

Planting hibiscus in the garden - all the information you need

Mallow care

How to care

Growing mallow is a simple process, since mallow is a non-capricious plant. Regular moderate watering, especially in dry summers, loosening the soil and weeding, timely removal of wilted flowers are mandatory requirements in caring for mallow.

In addition, it would be good to feed the plant before budding with mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen.

Tall mallow needs to be tied up in order not to break under strong gusts of wind, so plant it along the fence or dig in tall pegs to tie the plant in. Well, if you want to make a perennial from an annual, immediately after the mallow has faded, cut off all the flower stalks so that the seeds do not have time to set. That's all the care of mallow.

In the photo: Mallow flowering in the garden

Diseases and pests

Affect the mallow slugs... They are collected by hand: put small bowls in different places, pour beer into them and after a day walk and collect slugs that will crawl to drink.

Of the few diseases affecting mallow, the worst thing is rust, which is easy to get infected near metal fences. The disease manifests itself in the fact that dark red spots appear on the back of the leaves. The affected leaves must be removed and burned.

Sometimes powdery mildew appears on the mallow. You can fight it with a solution of colloidal sulfur or a profile fungicide.

In the photo: Mallow pests on a flower

Mallow after flowering

In the fall, after the mallow has bloomed, the stems are cut to ground level. At the same time, you can fertilize the soil by mulching it with humus and compost at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m2... The mallow should overwinter under a cover of spruce branches, fallen leaves or straw.

In the photo: Mallow has faded

Healing properties of mallow

Malva has long been known in folk medicine. The beneficial properties of mallow have been studied by healers in many countries. For example, an infusion of flowers and leaves of mallow treats stomach inflammation and intestinal disorders. Hot baths with steamed leaves or flowers of mallow can help relieve swelling of the spleen. The mallow herb is a constant component of the breast collection.

As lotion and compresses a decoction of mallow flowers is used for skin diseases to relieve itching and to heal wounds (apparently due to the mucus contained in mallow). Mallow is also used in medical cosmetology to restore the epidermis and prevent pustular eruptions. Preference in folk medicine is given to mallow flowers, since they have a higher content of sugars, vitamin C and carotene than in leaves. The main thing is that mallow preparations do not give undesirable side effects and have no contraindications.

Useful properties of mallow:

  • expectorant;
  • emollient;
  • reparative;
  • enveloping;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • fortifying.

Mallow tea for cough: 2 teaspoons of finely chopped flowers (or leaves) pour a glass of boiling water and leave for 10 minutes, strain, drink 2-3 cups a day. You can add honey, but then the tea should not be warmer than 40 ºC.

... Every year in May, the Kyoto Kamigamo Temple and the city hosts the Aoi Matsuri festival dedicated to mallow. People put on bright clothes, walk the streets of the city with dances and songs. This holiday is many centuries old ...

May rain is endless ...
Mallows are stretching somewhere,
Looking for the sun's path.
Basho

Types and varieties of mallow

The mallow genus in culture has about 60 species of ornamental plants. The progenitor of this genus wood mallow is an annual plant. And species such as Sudanese mallow, hybrid, musky and wrinkled are mainly perennials. True, it must be said that not all growers include all these species in the mallow genus, considering, for example, that the Sudanese mallow, or hibiscus, as well as the wrinkled mallow, or the stem-rose, although they belong to the mallow family, are related to another kind. Let's not quibble: the plants are so similar in characteristics that it makes sense to combine them into one section for care and cultivation.

Annual mallow

Forest mallow (Malva sylvestris)

So, forest mallow, or Kalachiki... This biennial plant is grown here as an annual. It grows up to 120 cm, its flowers are characterized by the presence of veins darker than the shade of the flower. Popular varieties are zebrin mallow, characterized by large, pale pink flowers with dark red veins. The Black Mother of Pearl variety is also in demand - dark purple flowers up to 7 cm in diameter with black veins.

In the photo: Forest mallow or kalachiki

Perennial mallow

Musk mallow (Malva moschata)

It is a low perennial - no more than a meter. The fragrant flowers of white or pink musky mallow reach a diameter of 5 cm. Sometimes this mallow is called nutmeg. Popular varieties are the White Tower and the Pink Tower 70 cm tall with snow-white or bright pink flowers, respectively. These varieties bloom until the very frost.

In the photo: Musk or nutmeg mallow

Sudanese mallow

Or hibiscus sabdariff, or Sudanese rose - a biennial plant grown for its fruits, which have long been one of the components of fruit drinks that have medicinal value. Known shrub form Malva sabdariffa var. Sabdariffa and Malva sabdariffa var. Altissima.

In the photo: Sudanese mallow or sabdariffa hibiscus or Sudanese rose

Malva rugosa (Malva rugosa)

Stock-rose, or alcea wrinkled - it is called mallow conventionally. The plant in nature reaches two meters in height, its flowers are 3 cm in diameter, yellow. It is a perennial. Garden form - stock-pink mallow, or stock-rose (Malva alcea). Perennial plant, reaches 90 cm in height. It has varieties with both simple and semi-double and double flowers, similar to peonies.

For example, Chater's Double Strein is a double mallow with large flowers of different colors, while Single Mixed has simple flowers, reminiscent of hibiscus. Stock-rose varieties also differ in size: Powder Puffs Mixed, for example, reaches two meters in height, and Majorette Mixed is a dwarf plant (up to 75 cm), but with large semi-double flowers.

In the photo: Stock-rose or mallow wrinkled or alcea wrinkled

Malva hybrid (Malva hybrida)

It is a perennial with several stems, height - up to 2 m. Flowers are white or pink, double, very large. Blooms in June-September. Popular varieties are Chaters Double, Gibbortello, Powder Puffs.

In the photo: Hybrid mallow

You should know that almost all varieties of forest mallow are annuals, and varieties of other types of mallow are mainly biennials or perennials, but this division is conditional: as among the varieties of forest mallow there are perennial varieties, so among conditional perennials there are annual varieties.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Malvaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Biennial Plants
  7. Information on Perennial Plants
  8. Information about Herbaceous plants
  9. Information about Annual Plants
  10. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Garden plants Biennials Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Medicinal Malvian Weeds on M


Laurel noble in my garden

author Chernyak V.V., photo - Marina Rybka

Laurel is a famous and popular plant, its leaves are widely known to everyone as a spice.
A native of the Mediterranean, the evergreen laurel (Laurus nobilis) was introduced to the Black Sea coast by the ancient Greeks. Since then, this plant has been successfully grown in the warmest regions of our country in the open field and often runs wild.
In nature, under favorable conditions, laurel is a tall tree reaching 10-12 m. And in colder climates, as a result of frequent freezing, laurel grows in bush form.

In most climatic zones, laurel can only be grown in greenhouses. This plant tolerates pruning well, so laurel in indoor culture can be pruned based on the size of the room.

In the conditions of the Black Sea coast, I grow laurel only outdoors.
There is information in the literature about the possibility of grafting laurel, but I did not propagate it in this way. Therefore, I will only talk about the seed propagation of this plant.


The use of mallow in landscape design

As mentioned earlier, mallow looks great along fences and buildings. A beautiful and spectacular look can be achieved by planting a plant in a group. When delimiting a place in a summer cottage, it is good to use mallow. You can also use this flower to decorate your backyard. Using different shades of mallow in combination with other perennial plants, it is possible to beautifully arrange flower beds.

Mallow in landscape design


Landing on a flower bed

A sunny area is selected for mallow.In partial shade, it will also grow, but the flowering is poorer, and the inflorescences lose their brightness. The soil should be loose, fertile with a high humus content. With a poor chemical composition, the area is prepared in advance by adding humus. To prevent stagnation of moisture, choose a site on a hill.

When the optimal time comes (May - for annual varieties, August - for perennial varieties), they begin to plant on the selected site. Progress:

  1. Wells are made with a depth that corresponds to a peat cup. The distance is maintained between specimens from 25 to 30 cm.
  2. Seedlings are planted, sprinkled with earth, watered.
  3. After absorbing the liquid, the soil in the near-trunk circles is mulched.


Use in landscape design

Musk mallow is very often used in landscape design. In addition, when decorating a country-style site, you simply cannot do without it. A compact shrub is found in flower beds, and just on the lawn, and in complex compositions, and on curbs. The combination of mallow and delphinium is considered to be an exquisite looking one.

When forming a flower bed with musk mallow, it is important to remember that the decorative element should create a harmonious picture both in terms of the height of the components, and in their color, and in the shape of individual inflorescences.

In this case, it is necessary to combine mallow with creeping crops and flowering shrubs. For example, dahlias, sage, marigolds, ageratum and nolana will perfectly fit as "neighbors". Judging by the reviews, such a flower bed will bloom throughout the season. A composition made only of mallows of different varieties and colors is considered no less spectacular. When decorating a site, it is worth planting this culture near fences, walls of houses and gazebos, as well as delimiters of individual zones.

For more information about musk mallow, see the next video.


Watch the video: How to Grow a Marsh Mallow Plant


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